Some Helpful Reading Terms
Source: National Institute for Literacy
alphabetic Knowledge- Knowing the names and shapes of the letters of the alphabet.
blending- Putting together individual sounds to make spoken words.
comprehension- The ability to understand and gain meaning of what has been read.
decode-The ability to recognize and read words by translating the letters into speech sounds to determine the words pronunciation and meaning.
developmental spelling- The use of letter-sound relationship information to attem[t to write words.
fluency-The ability to read text accurately and quickly with expression.
phonemes- The smallest parts of spoken language that combine to form words-For example the word cat is made up of three phonemes /(/c/ /a/ /t/).
phonemic awareness- The ability to hear and identify the individual sounds in spoken words.
phonics- The relationship between the sounds of spoken words and the individual letters or groups of letters that represent those sounds in written words.
phonological awareness- The understanding that spoken language is made up of individual and separate sounds.
print awareness- Knowing about print and books and how they are used.
segmentation- Taking spoken words apart sound by sound.
sight words- Words that a reader recognizes without having to sound them out.
syllable- A word part that contains a vowel or, in spoken language, a vowel sound.
vocabulary- The words we must know in order to communicate effectively.
word recognition- The ability to identify printed words and to translate them into their corresponding sounds quickly and accurately so as to figure out their meanings.