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8th Grade

Week 5 Q4: Human Body systems and health Decisions

Lesson Questions:

  • How can understanding human body systems help you make informed decisions that affect your health?

Key Vocabulary:

cardiovascular systemcirculatory systemdigestive systemdiseaseendocrine systemexcretory systemimmune systemintegumentary systemlymphatic systemnervous systemmuscular system



Week 4 Q4: Infectious Diseases


Week 3 Q4 : Carbon Cycle

Lesson Questions:

  • What is the carbon cycle?

Key Vocabulary:

carbon cyclecarbonglobal warming, climate change, carbon dioxidefossil fueldecomposition,respirationphotosynthesisrecycle


Week 2 Q4: Adaptations

Lesson Questions:

  • What is genetic variation and how does it help a population to survive?
  • How do populations benefit from individual adaptations?
  • How do organisms survive in a changing environment?

Key Vocabulary:

adaptationsnatural selection, genetic variation, physical adaptation, behavioral adaptation,population, individual, competition, evolution



Week 1 Q4: Trophic Relationships and Relationships among organisms

Lesson Questions:
  • What is a trophic level?
  • How do different populations from the same trophic level interact?
  • How do populations from different trophic levels interact 
  • How do different organisms in a community obtain energy from their environment?

    What kinds of relationships exist between organisms in a community?

  • Why is the sun an important source of energy for all living things?
Key Vocabulary

prey, herbivore, decomposer, consumer, biosphere, Fungi, food web, decompose, chemical energy, amphibian, warm-blooded, amoeba, life cycle, food chain, mutualism, population, energy transfer, survive, carnivore, predator, autotroph, bird, parasitism, soil, animal, plant, nutrients, protein, drought, cellular respiration, desertification, biome, commensalism, arthropod, adaptation, invertebrate, plankton, marine, vertebrate, insect, energy pyramid, species, symbiotic, pollen , photosynthesis , biological diversity, ecosystem, rain forest, parasite, heterotroph, producer, algae, niche, omnivore, bacteria


Week 10 Q3: Features and Naming Test Review:

• Identify common features that scientists use to classify organisms.
• Use common characteristics to sort organisms into groups.
• Use the Linnaean system of classification to determine if organisms are related to each other.
• Describe a niche, habitat, and ecosystem
• Describe abiotic factors that are important to most living things
• Describe the nitrogen, carbon, and water cycles
• Define overpopulation
• Model overpopulation in a habitat
• Explain how overpopulation affects habitats
• Explain how overpopulation occurs
• Explain how overpopulation can be controlled


Week 9 Q3: Overpopulation

 

 

Lesson Questions:

  • Why does overpopulation occur?
  • What problems does overpopulation cause?
  • How can overpopulation be reduced?

Key Vocabulary:

overpopulation, habitat, keystone species, organismpredatorpreyresource, population limit



Week 8 Q3: Habitats and Niches

Lesson Essential Questions:

  • What nonliving substances are important to living organisms?
  • What is the difference between an ecosystem, a habitat, and a niche?

Key Vocabulary:

nichehabitatecosystemnitrogen cyclecarbon cyclewater cycle



Week 7 Q3: Features and Naming
Lesson Essential Questions:

  • How do scientists classify organisms?
  • What are some common features that scientists use to classify organisms?
  • What is the Linnaean system of classification?

 

Key Vocabulary:

organismclassification, taxonomy, Linnaean system, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,genusspecies



Week 6 Q3: Chemical Reaction and Equations TEST REVIEW

Chemical Reactions and Equations Test review:

 

  • What is a chemical reaction?

•             What are the signs that a chemical reaction has occurred?

•             What is the Law of Conservation of Mass?

•             How do scientists represent chemical reactions?

•             How are chemical equations written to show that mass is conserved?

•             How do chemical changes differ from physical changes?

•             What happens to atoms in substances when they undergo a chemical reaction?

•             What happens to the mass of the reactants in a chemical reaction?

•             How does energy change during a chemical reaction?

•             What factors affect the rate of a chemical reaction?

Week 5 Q3: Chemical Reactions and Equations

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Week 4 Q3: Chemical Reactions

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Week 3 Q3:


Matter Test Review:

 

    • How is the periodic table of the elements organized?

    • How do scientists classify some of the elements on the periodic table?

    • Why is the periodic table such a useful tool for chemists?

    • What is a mixture?
    • What is the difference between a mixture, a solution, and a pure substance?
    • What is diffusion, suspension, and colloid?
    • What are some different ways mixtures can be separated?
    • What is the relationship between an atom and an element?
    • How are protons and neutrons different from and similar to each other?
    • How do electrons differ from both protons and neutrons?
    • How are protons, neutrons, and electrons arranged to form an atom?
    • What are two ways electrons can be gained or lost from an atom?
    • What is a compound?
    • How are compounds named?
    • How are compounds made from carbon unique?
    • What are molecules made of and what are their properties?
    • How are compounds different from the elements from which they are formed?
    • How can you predict how atoms will combine to form a molecule?
    • How can ionic compounds break into pieces?




8th Week 2 Q3:

  • Lesson Questions:



Week 1 Q3: Compounds

Lesson Questions:
  • What is a compound?
  • How are compounds named?
  • How are compounds made from carbon unique?
Key Vocabulary

atom, beaker, nitrogen cycle, alkaline, chemical energy, hydroxide ion, salt, chemical change, liquid, attract, suspension, electron shell, pure substance, acid, mixture, chemical, pH, solubility, chemical reaction, battery, base, nitrogen cycle, chemical test, combine, molecule, ion, water, compound, sugar, dissociate, chlorophyll , carbon dioxide

 

Week 8 Q2 : Combining and Separating

·  Lesson Questions:

 

Week 7 Q2: Atomic Structure and Elements

Lesson Questions: 

  • What is the relationship between an atom and an element?
  • How are protons and neutrons different from and similar to each other?
  • How do electrons differ from both protons and neutrons?
  • How are protons, neutrons, and electrons arranged to form an atom?
  • What are two ways electrons can be gained or lost from an atom?

  • Key Vocabulary

    nitrogen, crystal, radioactivity, atomic number, chemical change, radioactive dating, half-life, model, atomic mass, mass, element, plasma, electron shell, periodic table of elements, period, acceleration, pure substance, energy (physical), proton, chemical, pH, neutron, substance, structure, molecule, noble gas, specific gravity, ion, atom, compound, matter, carbon , metal, balance, hydrogen, particle, chlorine

  • - See more at: https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/techbook/units/34720434-267c-4a86-8a54-cdcb3f7338bb/concepts/2ab00b41-9353-4747-864d-837c5e1232bc/lesson/overview#sthash.ATMiOBLB.dpuf

    Week 6 Q2: Periodic Table

     

     

     

    • Lesson Questions:

      • How is the periodic table of the elements organized?

      • How do scientists classify some of the elements on the periodic table?

      • Why is the periodic table such a useful tool for chemists?

       

    • Key Vocabulary

    half-life, law, atomic mass, nitrogen, element, electron shell, periodic table of elements, period, radioactivity, pure substance, structure, noble gas, metal, atomic number, hydrogen, system, chlorine, specific gravity, atom



    Week 5 Q2: Resource and the Environment Test review

    Resources and the Environment TEST Review

    • What are some resource-use choices that can be made at home, and how do the costs and benefits of these choices compare?

    • What are the costs and benefits of using nonrenewable resources?

    • What are the costs and benefits of using renewable resources?

    • What are the disadvantages of using fossil fuels?

    • Why are pollution prevention and waste management important?

    • How can preventive measures be used to mitigate land-use problems?

    • How are remote sensing and ground truthing methods useful?

    • Why is it necessary for agricultural practices to continue changing?

    • What agricultural engineering technologies do today’s farmers use to increase food production and quality?

    • What social and environmental problems do bioengineering technologies in agriculture pose?

    • What factors do people consider when designing and using bioengineered products that come from agriculture and food industries?


    Week 4 Q2: Fossil Fuels

    Lesson Questions:

    • What are the disadvantages of using fossil fuels?

    Key Vocabulary

    ancient, carbon , carbon cycle, carbon dioxide, chemical energy, coal, earth, energy (physical), erosion, fossil fuels, fuel, global warming, hypothesis, natural gas, pollute


    Week 3 Q2: Resource Management 

    Lesson Questions:

    • What are some resource-use choices that can be made at home, and how do the costs and benefits of these choices compare?
    • What are the costs and benefits of using nonrenewable resources?
    • What are the costs and benefits of using renewable resources?

    Key Vocabulary

    fossil fuels, global warming, groundwater, natural gas, natural resources, nonrenewable, resource \



    Week 2 Q2:

    Lesson Questions:

    • Why are pollution prevention and waste management important?
    • How can preventive measures be used to mitigate land-use problems?
    • How are remote sensing and ground truthing methods useful?

    Key Vocabulary

    algae, aquatic, bacteria, biodiversity, biological diversity, biosphere, carbon dioxide, coal, coral reef, deforestation,desertification, ecosystem, environment, erosion, estuary, extinct, food chain, food web, freshwater, global warming, groundwater, nonrenewable, ocean, ore, pollute, rain forest, recycle, renewable resource, resource,sediment, stream, swamp, wetland



    Week 1 Q2: Agricultural Engineering

    • Lesson Questions:

      • Why is it necessary for agricultural practices to continue changing?

      • What agricultural engineering technologies do today’s farmers use to increase food production and quality?

      • What social and environmental problems do bioengineering technologies in agriculture pose?

      • What factors do people consider when designing and using bioengineered products that come from agriculture and food industries?

       

    • Key Vocabulary

    data, innovation, technology, genetic engineering, engineering, design, bioengineering, biotechnology, biological diversity, system, simulation



    Week 8 Q1: Earth's Waters unit test

    Earth’s Water’s Test Review

    •              What are the physical characteristics of the major aquatic biomes?

    •              What kinds of organisms live in aquatic biomes?

    •              How are aquatic animals adapted to their environments?

    •              What is a watershed and what are the major watersheds in your state?

    •              What are the components and characteristics of a river system?

    •              Why are wetlands important?

    •              Why are estuaries important?

    •              How can the water quality in a watershed be affected by human activity?

    •              How do scientists study the oceans?

    •              What are the different layers of the ocean and how are they similar and different from each other?

    •              What role do the oceans play in weather and climate?

    •              How do we use the ocean as a resource?

    •              How can physical and chemical factors, such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity, turbidity and nitrates, be used to determine the health of an aquatic ecosystem?

    •              What can bioindicators, such as the number and types of macroinvertebrates, reveal about the health of an aquatic ecosystem?



    Week 7 Q1: Oceanography

    Lesson Questions

    • What are the chemical characteristics of ocean water?
    • What are the environmental characteristics of different ocean layers?
    • How do oceanographers gather data and evidence to support our understanding of Earth’s oceans?
    • How do scientists study the oceans?
    • What are the different layers of the ocean and how are they similar and different from each other?
    • What role do the oceans play in weather and climate?
    • How do we use the ocean as a resource?



    Week 6 Q1: Water Quality

    Lesson Questions:

    • How can physical and chemical factors, such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity, turbidity and nitrates, be used to determine the health of an aquatic ecosystem?
    • What can bioindicators, such as the number and types of macroinvertebrates, reveal about the health of an aquatic ecosystem?

    Key Vocabulary- Water Quality

    algae, aquatic, bacteria, environment, erosion, estuary, freshwater, groundwater, habitat, natural resources, ocean, rain, salt water, water, water cycle



    Week 5 Q1: Wetlands, Watersheds, Estuaries, Oceans

    Lesson Questions

    • How do scientists study the oceans?
    • What are the different layers of the ocean and how are they similar and different from each other?
    • What role do the oceans play in weather and climate?
    • How do we use the ocean as a resource?
    • What is a watershed and what are the major watersheds in your state?
    • What are the components and characteristics of a river system?
    • Why are wetlands important?
    • Why are estuaries important?
    • How can the water quality in a watershed be affected by human activity?

    Key Vocabulary

    algae, aquatic, biome, bird, coastal plain, delta, environment, erosion, estuary, freshwater, habitat, landform, natural resources, salt water, stream, water, water cycle, wetland, marine, ocean, ocean basin, ocean current, plankton,



    Week 4 Q1: Aquatic Biomes

    Lesson Questions:

    • What are the physical characteristics of the major aquatic biomes?
    • What kinds of organisms live in aquatic biomes?
    • How are aquatic animals adapted to their environments?

    Key Vocabulary

    algae, amoeba, amphibian, anatomy, animal, antarctic, aquatic, arctic, arthropod, bacteria, biodiversity, biological diversity, biome, biosphere, biotechnology, bird, carbon cycle, characteristic, community, coral reef , delta, depend, ecosystem, environment, estuary, exoskeleton, feature, fish, flower, flowering plant, food chain, food web, freshwater, herbivore, hydrosphere, insect, marine, microorganism, migration, ocean, ocean current, parasite, plankton, plant, preserve, protist, rain, rain forest, salt water, stream, swamp, system, tides, tropical, warm-blooded, water, wetland



    Week 3 Q1: Earth's history test Review

    • Define the term fossil.
    • Identify the major types of divisions of geologic time.
    • Give examples of relative dating methods that place geologic events in a correct sequence.
    • What is the difference between absolute and relative dating techniques.
    • Explain how fossils provide evidence of evolution.
    • Explain how fossils provide evidence of past environmental changes.
    • Describe the methods scientists use to determine the age of Earth.
    • Identify evidence for the way Earth changes over time.
    • Compare and contrast different rock dating methods.
    • Explain how geologic principles can be applied to determining the ages of rocks




    Week 2 Q1: Formation of the Earth 

    Lesson Questions:

    • What evidence can scientists use to study Earth's history?
    • What two methods do scientists use to determine the ages of rocks?
    • How are geologic principles applied to understanding Earth's history?

    Key Vocabulary

    analyze, ancient, astronomy, core, crater, crust, earth, element, geology, geosphere, gravity, inference, lithosphere, magma, mantle, model, moon, natural resources, nebular hypothesis, ore, period, prehistoric, rock layer, solar system, space, structure, superposition, theory, water

    Week 1 Q1: Fossils and Earth's past
    Lesson Questions:

    • What is a fossil?
    • How do fossils show how organisms have evolved through time?
    • How do fossils provide evidence of environmental changes that occurred in the past?
    • What are the different types of divisions of geologic time?
    • How do the ages of the oldest fossils compare to the age of Earth?

    Key Vocabulary

    earth, anatomy, ancient, bone, coal, decay, dinosaur, extinct, fish, fossil, fossil fuels, geosphere, hypothesis,inference, lithosphere, natural resources, plant, radioactive dating, rock layer, superposition, theory